Article/Publication Details

Aspectualism and the Problem of Realism in Analytic Philosophy of Art

(Original title: Aspektualizmus a problém realizmu v analytickej filozofii umenia)
Organon F, 2014, vol. 21, No 2, pp. 168-179.
Language: Slovak
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Abstract

The paper aims to explore the model which is trying to explain the nature of aesthetic properties. The starting point for testing a plausibility of aspectualistic solution is a kind of exploration. Aspectualism plays a role between realistic and anti-realistic answer to the question: what are the aesthetic judgments related to? Standard discussions are linked in two directions. The first one presupposes existence of real aesthetic properties or qualities in artworks, thus independent of the human mind. The second, on the contrary, explains our aesthetic judgments as related to aesthetic properties (values) that are constructed in relationship of artwork and recipient, thus dependent on human mind. Both positions have strengths and weaknesses with respect to the different artistic genres and approaches. Aspectualistic strategy offers an explanation which has an ambition to be the solution to this dispute. The paper analyzes this position in the work of Roger Scruton and looks for the answer to the question whether this solution is sufficient and where are its limits, if any.

Keywords

Aesthetic properties, Kennick, non/realism, Scruton, Sibley

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