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Indicative and Subjunctive Conditionals: Epistemic vs. Ontic Approach

(Original title: Indikativní a subjunktivní hypotetické soudy: Epistemický vs. ontický přístup)
Organon F, 2014, vol. 21, Supplementary Issue 1, pp. 119-137.
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The aim of this paper is to provide a semantic criterion of the difference between indicative and subjunctive conditionals. The criterion is motivated mainly by Stalnaker’s explanation of the difference, which, however, is formulated outside semantics. The Stalnaker-Lewis “ontic” semantics for conditionals will be transformed into an epistemic framework which will enable us to view the difference as a semantic one. As a consequence, we will be able to say that indicative and subjunctive conditionals differ in their logics.


Indicative conditionals, logic, pragmatics, semantics, subjunctive conditionals

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